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MASTER OF SECRETS, PERFECT.
The French for this is Maître parfait des Secrets. A Degree in the manuscript collection of Peuvret.
MASTER OF THE CHIVALRY OF CHRIST.
So Saint Bernard addresses Hugh de Payens, Grand Vaster of the Templars. Hugoni Militi Christi et Magistro Militine Christie Bernardus Clercevallus, etc.
MASTER OF THE HERMETIC SECRETS, GRAND.
In French this is Maître des Secrets Hermetique, Grand. A Degree in the manuscript collection of Peuvret.
MASTER OF THE HOSPITAL.
The Latin expression Sacri Domus Hospitalis Sancto Joannis Hierosolymitani Magister, or Master of the Sacred House of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem, was the official title of the chief of the Order of Knights of Malta; more briefly, Magister Hospitalis, or Master of the Hospital. Late in their history, the more imposing title of Magnus Magister, or Grand Master, was sometimes assumed; but the humbler designation seas still maintained. On the tomb of Zacosta, who died in 1467, we find Magnus Magister; but twentythree years after, D'Aubusson signs himself Magister Hospitalis Hierosolymitani.
MASTER OF THE KEY TO MASONRY, GRAND.
The French title is Grand Maitre de la Clef de la Maçonnerie. The Twenty-first Degree of the Chapter of the Emperors of the East and West.
MASTER OF THE LEGITIMATE LODGES, GRAND.
The French is Maître des Loges légitimes. A Degree in the Archives of the Mother Lodge on the Eclectic Philosophic Rite.
MASTER OF THE PALACE.
An Officer in a Council of Companions of the Red Cross, whose duties are peculiar to the Degree.
MASTER OF THE SAGES.
The Fourth Degree of the Initiated Knights and Brothers of Asia.
MASTER OF THE SEVEN CABALISTIC SECRETS, ILLUSTRIOUS.
In French, Maître Illustre des sept Secrets Cabalistiques. A Degree in the manuseript collection of Peuvret.
MASTER OF THE TEMPLE.
Originally the official title of the Grand Master of the Templars. after the dissolution of the Order in England, the same title was incorrectly given to the Custos or guardian of the Temple Church at London, and the error is continued to the present day.
MASTER OF THE WORK.
The chief builder or architect of a cathedral or other important edifice in the Middle Ages was called the Master of the Work; thus, Jost Dotzinger was, in the fifteenth century, sailed the Master of the Work at the Cathedral of Strasburg. In the Middle Ages the Magister Operis was one to whom the public works was entrusted. Such an officer existed in the monasteries. He was also called Operartus and Magister Operarum. Du Cange says that kings had their Operarii, Magistri Operarum or Masters of the Works. It is these Masters of the Works whom Anderson has constantly called Grand Masters. Thus, when he says (Constitutions, 1738, page 69) that "King John made Peter de Cole-Church Grand Master of the Masons in rebuilding London bridged he should have said that he was appointed Operandus or Master of the Works. The use of the correct title would have made Anderson's history more valuable.
See Past Master.
See Perfect Master.
MASTER, PERFECT ARCHITECT.
The Twenty-seventh Degree of the Rite of Mizraim.
MASTER, PERFECT IRISH.
See Perfect Irish Master.
MASTER PHILOSOPHER BY THE NUMBER NINE.
The French title is Maître philosophe par le Nombre Neuf. A Degree in the manuscript collection of Peuvret.
MASTER PHILOSOPHER BY THE NUMBER THREE.
In French, Maitre philosophe par le Nombre Trois. A Degree in the manuscript collection of Peuvret.
MASTER PHILOSOPHER HERMETIC.
In French, Maître philosophe Hermitique. A Degree in the collection of Peuvret.
In French, Maître Particulier. The Nineteenth Degree of the Metropolitan Chapter of France.
MASTER PROVOST AND JUDGE.
In French, Maître Prevot et Juge. The Eighth Degree of the Metropolitan Chapter of France.
MASTER, PUISSANT IRISH.
See Puissant Irish Master.
In French, Mattre Pythagoricien. Thory says that this is the Third and last Degree of the Masonic system instituted according to the doctrine of Pythagoras.
See Royal Master.
See Secret Master.
See Select Master.
The Masters and Past Masters of Masonic Lodges in England wear upon their aprons "perpendicular lines upon horizontal lines, thereby forming three several sets of two right angles," this having been specified in the Constitutions of 1815 and still in force. This emblem has the appearance of two squares set side by side and these are sometimes erroneously referred to as Levels.
In English Lodges represents the Master who is always present, while the Lodge is open, either in person or by representative. As the Lodge cannot be open without his presence so his light may not be extinguished until after the Lodge is closed, nor may it be obscured or shaded in any manner. This rule was adopted by a Special Grand Lodge meeting on May 20, 1816.
Rawlinson's list of Lodges of 1733 refers to a Masters' Lodge or to Master Masons' Lodges, giving the following entries:
115 Devil Tavern, Temple Bar, the Scotch Masons' Lodge.
116 Bear and Harrow, in the Butcher Row, a Master Masons' Lodge.
Pine also gives two others in his engraved list of 1734 as well as the above. One, numbered 120, appears as follows:
120 Oates's Coffee House, Masters' Lodge, Great Wild Street. lat and 3d Sunday. It is interesting to note that these early Masters' Lodges held their meetings on Sunday, although there is nothing to indicate that Masonic Lodges in England generally held Sunday meetings. It is probable that ordinary Lodge business was not transacted in the Masters' Lodges, these being small and exclusive and seemingly held for the purpose of conferring the Third or Master Masons' Degree. Later on the members of the Royal Arch unquestionably frequently had their meetings on Sundavs.
MASTERS OF COMO.
Charles Kingsley in the Roman and Teuton (Lecture 10, page 253, edition of 1891), says:
Then follows some curious laws in favor of the Masters of Como, who seem to have been a gild of architects, perhaps the original germ of the great Society of Freer masons belonging, no doubt to the Roman population who were settled about the Lake of Como and were hired on contract, as the laws themselves express it, to build for the Lombards who of course had no skill to make anything beyond a skin tent or a log hall.
For an extended account of the famous gild see the article on Comacine Masters.
MASTER SUPREME ELECT.
In French, Maitre supreme Elu. A Degree in the Archives of the Philosophic Scottish Rite.
In French, Maître Thoésophic. The Third Degree of the Rite of Swedenborg.
MASTER THROUGH CURIOSITY.
In French, Maître par Curiosity
1. The Sixth Degree of the Rite of Mizraim.
2. The Sixth Degree of the collection of the Metropolitan Chapter of France.
The Degree is a modification of the Intimate Secretary of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite.
MASTER TO THE NUMBER FIFTEEN.
The French title is Maître au nombre Quinze. A Degree in the manuscript collection of Peuvret.
The French title is Vrai Maître. A Degree of the Chapter of Clermont.
MASTER, WORSHIPFUL. See Worshipful.
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Last modified: March 22, 2014